3 Essentials You Should Never Forget To Use Nominative Sentences with Was or Were inside

3 Essentials for Applying Nominative Sentences with Was, Were, Am, Is or Are inside – English, Just Guide

This is not a theory but I imagine Am, Is and Are  were actually still in the same family with  was and were. They ended up with different names because they were in different times. Was and were play their role as to be for past tense nomative sentences while Am, is and Are for present tense nomative sentences. In speech and writing, to be becomes critical link in a nominative sentence due to its major role to join the subject and complement. Here 3 essentials you should never forget to use nominative sentences with was or were even am, is and are inside.

First, was or were and am, is or are have a similarity from a typical location.

As seen on the following video, it is easy to locate am, is or are in a sentence. Just place one of them between subject and complement in nominative sentence or between subject and verb + ing in verbal sentence. As usual you must add not after am, is or are to form negative sentence.

Position of was or were in sentece is also proportional to position of am, is or are. Locate was or were between subject and complement in nominative sentence or between subject and verb + ing in verbal sentence. Once again, don’t forget to add not after was or were to form negative sentence. Let’s study the similarity on the following table.

Affirmative Sentence with Am, Is or AreAffirmative Sentence with Was or WereNegative Sentence with Am, Is or AreNegative Sentence with Was or Were
I am a student.I was a student.I am not a student.I was not a student.
You are Chilean.I were Chilean.You are not Chilean.You were not Chilean.
He is a student.He was a student.He is not a student.He was not a student.
She is an English teacher.She was an English teacher.She is not an English teacher.She was not an English teacher.
It is a mouse.It was a mouse.It is not a mouse.It was not a mouse.
We are from Italy.We were from Italy.We are not from Italy.We were not from Italy.
You are students.You were students.You are not students.You were not students.
They are students too.They were students too.They are not students too.They were not students too.

How to ask and answer an interrogative question in English past tense with was or were is like Am, Is or Are. Follow 2 simple ways to form interrogative question in English past tense. First, locate was or were in front of subject in a sentence. Second, give a short answer by 2 options. A positive short answer is preceded by Yes completed with subject and its correct to be. A negative short answer is preceded by No completed with subject and its correct to be plus not. Follow this grammatical rule to form interrogative question with personal pronouns as subject in simple past tense. Study the following examples :

Affirmative SentenceInterrogative SentencePositive Short AnswerNegative Short Answer
I was a student.Were you a student?Yes, I was.No, I was not.
You were Chilean.Was I Chilean?Yes, you were.No, you were not.
He was a student.Was he a student?Yes, he was.No, he was not.
She was an English teacher.Was she an English teacher?Yes, she was.No, she was not
It was a mouse.Was it a mouse?Yes, it was.No, it was not.
We were from Italy.Were you from Italy?Yes, we were.No, we were not.
You were students.Were we students?Yes, you were.No, you were not.
They were students too.Were they students too?Yes, they were.No, they were not.

Second, grammatical meaning is a primary reason of the difference between Was or were and am, is or are.

We normally use was or were to tell about everything that happens to someone or something before time at the moment of speaking. In short, we use was or were in past tense. Just the opposite, we use am, is or are in present tense.

While watching the video, let’s back to my school. I remember some, for example : Mr. Hubert was my English teacher. It means Mr. Hubert is not my English teacher now because he was my English teacher two decades ago. Everything remembered is everthing ‘As it was begining’. It is equal to past time that will be represented by the rule of past tenses. It is a must to say or to write a moment in past tense.

Complete your nominative sentences in past tenses with the following common time expressions : …minute(s) ago, …hour(s) ago, …day(s) ago, yesterday …week(s) ago, …month(s) ago, …year(s) ago, last…minute(s), last…hour(s), last…day(s), last…week(s), last…month(s), and last…year(s). In practice:

  1. They were here two minutes ago.
  2. She was fine too yesterday.
  3. He was in Bali last week.

Before I am retired from my job as an English teacher, I must say ‘I am an English teacher’. The reason is what happens to me never stops at the time I am talking about. I am still  preparing a lesson plan, standing in front of class, teaching students and doing some more job description as an English teacher in a Junior High School. All I am doing as a habit that is not seperated with  ‘is now’  in the doxology. I mean this term as everything that happens and never stops at time I am talking about. ‘Is  now’ also means something like factual law of eternality. For example :

  1. North pole is cold.
  2. Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy.
  3. The city in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia is Mecca.

Complete your nominative sentences in simple present tense with the following common time expressions : hourly, daily, weekly, mothly, yearly, every day, every month, and every year, In practice:

  1. We are fine yearly.
  2. He is in the office weekly.
  3. I am a teacher daily.

Third, there are morphological changes of nouns as complement in nominative sentences.

In fact, the changes of personal pronouns as subject and to be induce morphological changes of nouns as complement in nominative sentences. For example :

Personal Pronouns as SubjectTo beComplement in Sentence
IwasI was a student.
YouwereYou were a student.
HewasHe was a student.
ShewasShe was a student.
WewereWe were students.
YouwereYou were students.
TheywereThey were students.

Due to We, You and They are plural personal pronouns, consequently noun as complement also changes by the rule. Generally we change singular noun to plural by adding -s. This changes of noun as complement also happen to noun as subject of a sentence. Study the following table.

Noun as SubjectTo beComplement in Sentence
ClaritawasClarita was a student.
MarkwasMark was a student.
Clarita and MarkwereClarita and mark were students.
Diana and DavewereDiana and Dave were students.

Understanding morphological changes of nouns is very helpful to answer interrogative question with nouns as subject in Past Tense. And, if you have studied about personal pronouns and their refer to, you will have no difficulties to give short answer in past tense by subtituting someone or something with correct personal pronouns. Study the following table.

Affirmative SentenceInterrogative SentencePositive Short AnswerNegative Short Answer
Clarita was a student.Was Clarita a student?Yes, she (Clarita) was.No, she was not.
Mark was a student.Was Mark a student?Yes, he (Mark) was. No, he was not.
Clarita and Mark were students.Were Clarita and Mark students?Yes, they ( Clarita and Mark ) were.No, they were not.
Diana and Dave were students.Were Diana and Dave students? Yes, they ( Diana and Dave ) were.No, they were not.

At positive short answer column, Clarita is subtituted with (She) because Clarita is female. Mark is subtituted with (he) because Mark is male. Clarita and Mark are subtituted with (they) because Clarita and Mark are plural noun. So are Diana and Dave. Well, if Clarita is subtituted with She, it is not necessary to answer Yes, Clarita is. Just say Yes, she is. One who asks you has known she refers to Clarita. Mark is subtituted with he. It is not necessary to answer Yes, Mark is. Just say Yes, he is.

It is important to use correctly was, were, am, is and are in nominative sentences to avoid trouble in our future speech and writing. If you had any trouble to choose correct to be in past tense and present tense in nominative sentences, reading this post is a gift. Applying these 3 essentials in future speech and writing is your choice.

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