7 Checklists To Understand Sentences with Am, Is, or Are Inside

7 Ways To Understand Sentences with Am, Is, or Are Inside - English, Just Guided

Read the following text that can be a caption for the image above. It is about someone’s habit in Spring.

It is spring. I am at home on the spring time. I usually play piano in our livingroom. The piano is not cheap. It is affordable. Great! My sister, Jessy plays piano too. Jessy is a student. Roland and I are students too. We are brothers. Our school is not far from our house. We don’t go on foot to school. Everyday we catch school bus to school. It is on the foot of the mountain there.’

How do you understand this text? There are still a number of indicators to understand sentences comprehensively. And, here 7 checklists for total checking understanding sentences with Am, Is or Are Inside.

Word Can Stand Alone As A Sentence but Not for To Be and Other Auxiliary Verbs.

First question is ‘Can word Great stand alone?’ Of course, Yes. It is a holophrase. A holophrase can be described like this. A mother was preparing a plate of cakes. Suddenly her boy approached and shouted repeatedly, ‘me’. His mother understood and simultenously put a cake and gave to him “Here it is”, she replied. Her boy took the cake and eat happily. The boy only said in a word “me” but it is understandable “Give the cake to me”.

In communication, this single word (I) becomes meaningful because it can stand alone as a sentence with meaning that is regarded with holophrase. Holophrase is a single word that expresses a complex idea like Great. Normally young kids use it when they are learning to talk. It is impossible kids says, ‘am, am, am’ to inform an idea to someone or something? Just say to be or an auxiliarry verb as a single word is lunatic. They are not meaningful as a sentence in a communication.

Use Dictionary To Find Lexical Meaning.

Why do you feel boring to look up words in a dictionary? Looking up word meaning in the dictionary is good step to break up the stream of a text into a meaningful essentials named token. From here you can elaborate a sequence of essentials in the next lexical analysis. Hop to one example : Jessy is a student. By looking up the meaning of 4 four words in a dictionary, you can link as follow Jessy ( proper noun), is (linking verb), a (article), and student (common noun).

I myself don’t know why students are difficult to differentiate a word from lexical meaning. They haven’t able to match a word with noun, verb, adjective or adverb in Indonesian language although they have graduated from an elementary school. For if students do these things while the language is national language, what will happen when it is foreign language? OMG

Recheck if Am, Is or Are Correctly Used in Present Tense Sentences.

Compare with this illustration. “John is a student. He is not at school today. He is preparing  his breakfast in a kitchen. Suddenly a mouse is passing in front of him. It is in a hurry because it has stolen a piece of cheese from the kitchen.”

To be is, am, or are is a major part in simple present tense or present progressive construction. It is a key verb with many usages and meanings in the construction. If one of to be is combined correctly, a sentence becomes meaningful from one tense to others in present time.

In a communication, someone can absorb a meaning of simple present tense sentences if we inform what is meant by following English grammar rule. Watch the video and you can know the following points.

Am, is or are as to be usually sits between personal pronouns or nouns and its complement because it is a linking verb. Am is only combined with I, Is can be combined with He, She or It. And are can be combined with We, You or They. As seen on the video, it is easy to locate am, is , or are. Read the following grammatical rule of To be in simple present tense.

Personal Pronouns as SubjectTo beExamples
IamI am a student.
YouareYou are Canadian.
HeisHe is a student.
SheisShe is an English teacher.
ItisIt is a mouse.
WeareWe are from Italy.
YouareYou are students.
TheyareThey are students too.
All examples are adopted from the video.

You can combine also to be and noun. Remember ” Is only be combined with singular noun as subject that is equal to 1 and are only be combined with plural noun as subject that is equal to more than 1. For examples :

Noun as SubjectTo beExamples
AmyisAmy is a photographer.
PeterisPeter is a businessman.
JohnisJohn is a teacher.
GraceisGrace is in an airport.
FloresisFlores is an island.
John and AnjelinaareJohn and Anjelina are happy.
Bag and bookareBag and book are inside.
Jim and AnnaareJim and Anna are sad.
All examples are adopted from the video.

We normally locate not after to be in a sentence to form negative sentence in English. Read the following grammatical rule to form the negative sentence with personal pronouns as subject in simple present tense.

Personal Pronouns as SubjectTo beExamples
Iam notI am not a student.
Youare notYou are not Canadian.
Heis notHe is not a student.
Sheis notShe is not an English teacher.
Itis notIt is not a mouse.
Weare notWe are not from Italy.
Youare notYou are not students.
Theyare notThey are not students too.

As seen, there is no am as to be in the following examples. Each noun in every English sentence is only combined with is or are as to be. Read the following grammatical rule to form the negative sentence with nouns as subject in simple present tense.

Noun as SubjectTo beExamples
Amyis notAmy is not a photographer.
Peteris notPeter is not a businessman.
Johnis notJohn is not a teacher.
Graceis notGrace is not in an airport.
Floresis notFlores is not an island.
John and Anjelinaare notJohn and Anjelina are not happy.
Bag and bookare notBag and book are not inside.
Jim and Annaare notJim and Anna are not sad.

To form interrogative question in English is easy. Just locate to be in front of subject in a sentence. You can give a short answer by 2 options. A positive short answer is preceded by Yes completed with subject and its correct to be. A negative short answer is preceded by No completed with subject and its correct to be plus not. Follow this grammatical rule to form interrogative question with personal pronouns as subject in simple present tense.

Affirmative SentenceInterrogative SentencePositive Short AnswerNegative Short Answer
I am a student.Are you a student?Yes, I am.No, I am not.
You are Chilean.Am I Chilean?Yes, you are.No, you are not.
He is a student.Is he a student?Yes, he is.No, he is not.
She is an English teacher.Is she an English teacher?Yes, she is.No, she is not
It is a mouse.Is it a mouse?Yes, it is.No, it is not.
We are from Italy.Are you from Italy?Yes, we are.No, we are not.
You are students.Are we students?Yes, you are.No, you are not.
They are students too.Are they students too?Yes, they are.No, they are not.

Recheck If Someone or Something is Subtituted Correctly with Personal Pronouns.

Each language has unique personal pronouns in construction of a sentence. Each of the personal pronouns in English sentence is used in condition based on number: singular and plural, the grammatical person: 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person, natural gender: male, female or neutral, case: subject or object. The personal pronoun is used also to refer to someone or something. I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, and them are all personal pronouns. As a subject of a verb, it is enough to use the nominative form including  I, you, he, she, it, we and they. Read more.

You can also form interrogative question with nouns as subject in Present Tense. Its grammatical rule is not different from the rule above. And, if you have studied about personal pronouns and their refer to, you will have no difficulties to give short answer by substituting someone or something with correct personal pronouns. It indicates you understand English well.

How to Use Personal Pronouns In Simple Present To Mention Someone’s and Something’s Name

Just pay attention to some exercises and illustration at 2:41 on the following video. By knowing referring to, we are sure you can subtitute nouns with correct personal pronouns. Look at the following table. At positive short answer column, Amy is subtituted with (She) because Amy is female. John is subtituted with (he) because John is male. Flores is subtituted with (it) because Flores is neutrum. Bag and book are subtituted with (they) because bag and book are plural noun. So are Jim and Anna.

Well, if Amy is subtituted with She, it is not necessary to answer Yes, Amy is. Just say Yes, she is. One who asks you has known she refers to Amy. John is subtituted with he. It is not necessary to answer Yes, John is. Just say Yes, he is. Pay attention to the following table to look up the subtitutions below..

Affirmative SentenceInterrogative SentencePositive Short AnswerNegative Short Answer
Amy is a photographer.Is Amy a photographer?Yes, she (Amy) is.No, she is not.
John is a teacher.Is John a teacher?Yes, he (John) is.No, he is not.
Flores is an island.Is Flores an island?Yes, it (Flores) is.No, it is not.
Bag and book are inside.Are bag and book inside?Yes, they (bag and book) are.No, they are not
Jim and Anna are sad.Are Jim and Anna are sad?Yes, they (Jim and Anna) are.No, they are not.

Am, is or are is not only used in simple present tense but also in present progressive tense for telling action going on time at the moment of speaking. Its layout of personal pronoun or noun and am, is or are is similar with found in simple present tense. So, the smarter you locate am, is or are in simple present tense better, the smarter you locate am, is, or are in present progressive tense best. Compare this grammar rule of present progressive tense and simple present tense. Are they similar? Of course, Yes.

Affirmative SentenceNegative SentenceInterrogative Sentence
I am going to school.I am not going to school.Are you going to school?
You are ironing clothes.You are not ironing clothes.Am I ironing clothes?
She is baking a cake.She is not baking a cake.Is she baking a cake?
We are singing.We are not singing.Are you singing?
Lisa is playing piano.Lisa is not playing piano.Is Lisa playing piano?
Ted and Ann are talking.Ted and Ann are talking.Are Ted and Ann talking.

Our last English videos has described the combination of personal pronouns or nouns with to be in simple present tense can be used to mention someone’s or something’s name, someone’s profession and someone’s or something’s condition. Now we are going back to school to recheck the use of Simple present tense. We combine to be in simple present tense to state a fact is true. For example : Flores is an island in Indonesia. If Carl goes to school everyday to teach, we will state Carl is a teacher. It is not only about the profession but also we mean Carl’s habit is to teach. There are some usages of simple present but related to to be, this only can be gained.

Don’t Understand English Grammar in Tense ONLY.

Grammatically we are not limited to understand lot of sentences based on tense. Let’s think about the writer said, ‘We don’t go on foot to school. Everyday we catch school bus to school. It is on the foot of the mountain there‘. Both sentences are in simple present tense with foot inside represented by one phonology. But, the foot on the first sentence and second has different lexical meaning. The first one, foot is meant by a part of human body and the second one, foot is meant by a part of a mountain. They are different, aren’t they? Do you have any idea about phonology?

Meaning can be stated with morphology. For example : Jessy is a student. Roland and I are students too. The combination the word student with morpheme -s changes a meaning of noun from singular to plural. Don’t understand English grammar in tense only.

Subject Plus Predicate in Proper Order at Minimal.

Make sure you know who or what you will talk about or write and what is being acted. It is regarded to subject and predicate of a sentence. For example if I want to introduce my profession is a teacher, I must say, ” I am a teacher”. It is different with “John and I are teachers”. The first sentence has 1 noun as subject and the second sentence has 1 noun and 1 personal pronoun as subject. These subjects always effect the change of verb (from am to are) and change of complement (from teacher to teachers).

Except a holophrase, a sentence is started with a subject, followed by a predicate and ended an object or a complement. A predicate can be a verb, am, is, are, was, were, been or be included. Subject, predicate, object and complement that is organized well based on the syntactic rule can make a sense. If we don’t care at all about the syntactic rule, we might say or write a problematic sentence even though it’s a simple sentence like illustration on the image.

Catch Diction That Represents Literal Concept and Emotions.

Concept and emotion in speech and writing can trigger different moods. People can laugh, smile, cry, be serious, be angry or mediocre because of their ability of interpretation of a word or sentence. You feel normally when I said, ‘Spring begins on March’ because you understand it is a season after winter that begins on March yearly. You might smile when I say ‘I am at home on the Spring time’ because I am describing a comfort and happiness in my family in the season.

Diction is like a tool used  to distinguish literal meaning (denote meaning) and figurative meaning that utilizes similes and metaphors to represent positive or negative feelings (conote meaning). For examples : It is cheap or It is affordable, She is economical or she is stingy, This is a strategy or this is a scheme and some more to deal. This is semantic that that looks at the meanings of words and sentence literally and figuratively.

How to understand sentences with Am, Is, or Are inside comprehensively is made easier. English, Just Guided 7 checklists : First, Remember Word Can Stand Alone As A Sentence but Not for To Be and Other Auxiliary Verbs. Second, Use Dictionary To Find Lexical Meaning. Third, Recheck if Am, Is or Are Correctly Used in Present Tense Sentences. Fourth, Recheck If Someone or Something is Subtituted Correctly with Personal Pronouns. Fifth, Don’t Understand English Grammar in Tense ONLY. Sixth, Subject Plus Predicate in Proper Order at Minimal. Seventh, Catch Diction That Represents Literal Concept and Emotions. The sentences are ready to absorb.

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